Type 2 Treatment

Diabetes pills are used by people with type 2 diabetes. The main treatment for type 2 diabetes is meal planning and exercise. Diabetes pills may be added to the treatment plan when meal planning and exercise don't control the blood glucose. Your physician may stop your medication if you lose weight and no longer need the medication. Diabetes pills are not insulin. Insulin cannot be given by mouth. Sometimes different pills are combined with each other or combined with insulin to better control the blood glucose. Pregnant women should not take diabetes pills.

Type 1 Treatment

All people with type 1 diabetes must take insulin since their pancreas does not make insulin. Some people with type 2 diabetes need insulin. Women with gestational diabetes may need insulin. Insulin lowers the blood glucose by moving glucose from the blood stream into the body cells. Insulin cannot be taken by mouth - it must be taken by an injection. Insulin is usually injected into fat tissue.

Insulin is injected in the layer of fat (subcutaneous) just below the skin. There are 4 main sites that can be used for injecting insulin: they are the abdomen (the preferred site), the back of the upper arm, the front and upper outside of the thigh, and the upper and outside part of the buttocks.