(Anomia, Aphasia-associated; Nominal Aphasia; Anomic Aphasia; Difficulty Naming Objects and People)
|Stroke—Most Common Cause of Aphasia|
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- Being at risk for stroke or dementia
- Having a history of transient ischemic attacks (TIA)
- Being middle to older age (more common in older people)
- Using general descriptions instead of specifics: “that place where you sleep” for “bedroom”
- Saying what a thing does, but not what it is: “that thing you drive” for “car”
- Exam of muscles used in speech
- Tests to assess language skills—for example, identifying objects, defining words, and writing
- CT scan —a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of structures inside the head
- MRI scan —a test that uses magnetic waves to make pictures of structures inside the head
- Electroencephalogram (EEG) —a test that records the brain’s activity by measuring electrical currents through the brain (may be done in some situations)
- Preserve the language skills you have
- Try to restore those you have lost
- Discover new ways of communicating
- Using flash cards with pictures and words to help you name objects
- Repeating words back to the therapist
- Working with computer programs designed to improve speech, hearing, reading, and writing
Family Care and Counseling
- Exercise regularly.
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables .
- Limit salt and fat in your diet.
- If you smoke, quit .
- If you drink, do so in moderation.
- Maintain a healthy weight .
- Control your blood pressure .
- Ask your doctor if you should take low-dose aspirin .
- Properly treat and control chronic conditions, like diabetes .
- If you have signs of a stroke, get help right away.
National Aphasia Association http://www.aphasia.org/
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov/
The Aphasia Institute http://www.aphasia.ca/
Brain Injury Association of Alberta http://www.biaa.ca/
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://ww2.heartandstroke.ca/splash/
Aphasia. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/Aphasia.htm . Accessed November 5, 2008.
Aphasia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 2007. Accessed November 17, 2008.
Aphasia. EBSCO Patient Education Reference Center website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/pointOfCare/perc-about . Updated November 2008. Accessed November 5, 2008.
Aphasia. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communicative Disorders website. Available at: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/voice/aphasia.asp . Accessed November 5, 2008.
Kirshner HS. Aphasia and aphasic syndromes. In: Bradley WG, Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, Jankovic J, eds. Neurology in Clinical Practice . 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Butterworth Heniemann Elsevier; 2008: 141-160.
More aphasia facts. The National Aphasia Association website. Available at: http://www.aphasia.org/Aphasia%20Facts/aphasia%5Ffacts.html . Accessed November 5, 2008.
Stedman TL. Stedman’s Medical Dictionary . 28th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005: 117; B9; B13; 1849-1850.
Winn P, ed. Dictionary of Biological Psychology . London, England: Routledge; 2001: 95-96
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 11/2012 -
- Update Date: 11/26/2012 -