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Cancer Prevention

Under Age 40 (Cancer-related checkup every 3 years)

Should include the procedures listed below plus health counseling (such as tips on quitting tobacco use) and examinations for cancers of the thyroid, testicles, mouth, ovaries, skin, and lymph nodes.

* Some people are at higher risk for certain cancers and may need to have tests more frequently.

Breast, Exam by a health professional every 3 years, age 20 and over.

Self-exam every month, age 20 and over.

Uterus, Pelvic exam every 1-3 years with Pap test, age 18 and over.

Pap test: all women who are, or have been sexually active, or have reached age 18, should have an annual Pap test and pelvic examination. After three or more consecutive examinations with normal findings, the Pap test may be preformed less frequently at the discretion of her physician.

Age 40 & Over (Cancer-related checkup every year)

Should include the procedures listed below plus health counseling (such as tips on quitting tobacco use) and examinations for cancers of the thyroid, mouth, ovaries, skin, and lymph nodes.

* Some people are at higher risk for certain cancers and may need to have tests more frequently.

Breast, Exam by a health care professional every year.

Self-exam every month.

Screening mammogram (breast x-ray) at age 40. Every 1-2 years, ages 40-49. Every year, age 50 and over.

Uterus, Pelvic exam every year.

Pap test: all women who are, or have been sexually active, or have reached age 18, should have an annual Pap test and pelvic examination. After three or more consecutive examinations with normal findings, the Pap test may be preformed less frequently at the discretion of her physician.

Endometrial tissue sample at menopause, if at high risk.

Colon and Rectum, Digital rectal exam every year.

Fecal occult blood test every year after age 50.

Sigmoidoscopy, preferably flexible, every 3-5 years after age 50.

Prostate, Digital rectal exam, age 50 and over, every year.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test, age 50 and over, every year.

Remember, these guidelines are not rules and apply only to people without symptoms.