Diabetes Pills and Insulin

  • Diabetes pills are used by people with type 2 diabetes.
  • The main treatment for type 2 diabetes is meal planning and exercise.
  • Diabetes pills may be added to the treatment plan when meal planning and exercise don't control the blood glucose.
  • Your physician may stop your medication if you lose weight and no longer need the medication.
  • Diabetes pills are not insulin. Insulin cannot be given by mouth.
  • Sometimes different pills are combined with each other or combined with insulin to better control the blood glucose.
  • Pregnant women should not take diabetes pills.

About Insulin

  • All people with type 1 diabetes must take insulin since their pancreas does not make insulin.
  • Some people with type 2 diabetes need insulin.
  • Women with gestational diabetes may need insulin.
  • Insulin lowers the blood glucose by moving glucose from the blood stream into the body cells.
  • Insulin cannot be taken by mouth - it must be taken by an injection.
  • Insulin is usually injected into fat tissue.

Insulin is injected in the layer of fat (subcutaneous) just below the skin. There are 4 main sites that can be used for injecting insulin: they are the abdomen (the preferred site), the back of the upper arm, the front and upper outside of the thigh, and the upper and outside part of the buttocks.