Skip to main content
Average ER Wait Time
Checking ER Wait Time
The feed could not be reached
Retry?
Redmond Regional Medical Center
--
mins

Risk Factors for Sickle Cell Disease

A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.

The only way to get sickle cell disease is to inherit 2 defective genes that cause sickle cell diseases. However, the following factors make a baby more likely to be born with sickle cell disease:

Genetic Factors

Children who receive one abnormal gene from each of their parents will have sickle cell disease. Children who receive one abnormal gene and one normal gene usually have no symptoms and are said to have sickle cell trait. They can pass their abnormal gene on to their own children, which, if combined with a sickle cell gene from the other parent, will cause a child to have sickle cell disease.

Ethnic Background

The majority of people with sickle cell disease are of sub-Saharan African descent. Other people at risk for sickle cell disease are those whose ancestors came from South America, Cuba, Central America, Saudi Arabia, India, Turkey, Greece, and Italy.

Revision Information

  • Sickle cell disease. Nemours Kids Health website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/sickle-cell-anemia.html. Updated September 2012. Accessed July 1, 2013.

  • Sickle cell disease in adults and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 6, 2013. Accessed July 1, 2013.

  • Sickle cell disease in infants and children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 6, 2013. Accessed July 1, 2013.

  • Sickle cell trait. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/sicklecell/traits.html. Updated September 27, 2012. Accessed July 1, 2013.

The health information in this Health Library is provided by a third party. Redmond Regional Medical Center does not in any way create the content of this information. It is provided solely for informational purposes. It does not constitute medical advice and is not intended to be a substitute for proper medical care provided by a physician. Always consult with your doctor for appropriate examinations, treatment, testing, and care recommendations. Do not rely on information on this site as a tool for self-diagnosis. If you have a medical emergency, call 911.