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Redmond Regional Medical Center

Risk Factors for Premature Menopause

A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.

Menopause is a natural process, which usually occurs around the age of 50. However, if the normal menstrual cycle is interrupted prior to age 40, it is thought to be abnormal and is referred to as premature menopause.

Risk factors for premature menopause include:

  • Family history of premature menopause
  • Surgical removal of the ovaries
  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy
  • Medications that reduce estrogen levels
  • Smoking
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Medical treatments (pelvic surgery, chemotherapy, or pelvic radiation therapy)

Revision Information

  • Menopause. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated January 15, 2013. Accessed April 18, 2013.

  • Menopause. National Institute on Aging website. Available at: Updated February 13, 2014. Accessed February 27, 2014.

  • Menopause. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: Updated February 2013. Accessed February 27, 2014.

The health information in this Health Library is provided by a third party. Redmond Regional Medical Center does not in any way create the content of this information. It is provided solely for informational purposes. It does not constitute medical advice and is not intended to be a substitute for proper medical care provided by a physician. Always consult with your doctor for appropriate examinations, treatment, testing, and care recommendations. Do not rely on information on this site as a tool for self-diagnosis. If you have a medical emergency, call 911.